STATIC OPTIMIZATION OF RECTIFICATION PROCESSES USING MOBILE CONTROL ACTIONS

A. R. Sheikus, V. Ya. Trishkin

Abstract


Context. The actual task of multi-criteria static optimization of rectification processes with the use of mobile control actions that consist
in changing the place of input of raw materials into a column is solved, and the efficiency of their use in various static modes of the process
is investigated.Objective – increasing the productivity of the process of rectification and reducing the energy costs by using mobile control actions and a multi-criteria approach to the calculation of their optimal values.
Method. Methods are proposed for calculating the optimum feed plate together with calculations of the optimal values of traditional
control actions – steam flow to the column cube and the yield of the target product – based on the criteria for maximizing productivity and
minimizing energy consumption using the normalized optimization criterion. Calculations are carried out using a nonlinear mathematical
model of the process, describing the heat and mass transfer processes on each column contact device. Calculation of the optimal point at the
boundary of the working region of the rectifying column in the coordinates of traditional control actions is suggested to be carried out by the method of secants. Since the magnitude of the desired mobile control action can only take on discrete, integer values, a scanning method is proposed to solve the optimization problem.
Results. The developed optimization method was used to calculate the optimal static regimes of the rectification column for separating the
methanol-water mixture when the values of the model parameters vary widely. Extremal dependence on the magnitude of the mobile control
action of both individual criteria and a normalized optimization criterion is proved. The results of the simulation showed that the increase in
productivity achieved by the use of mobile control actions is 1 to 5%, while the heat savings in the reboiler of the column are 6–8%.
Conclusions. The carried out researches have proven the effectiveness of the multi-criteria approach to the solution of the problem of
static optimization of rectification processes using mobile control actions, which allows using it in practice. The proposed methods of static
optimization are applicable for processes of multicomponent, complex rectification. Further research in this direction include the development
of methods and algorithms of the static optimization of rectification processes using continuous mobile control actions, mobile actions with
two degrees of freedom, modeling of transient responses in rectification columns at mobile control.

Keywords


rectification process; mobile control; multi-criteria static optimization

References


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GOST Style Citations


1. Abbasi M. K. B. E’nergosberezhenie v processax rektifikacii
binarnyx i mnogokomponentnyx smesej [Tekst]: dis. … kand.
texn. nauk: 05.17.08. Mosсow, 2014, 122 p.
2. Yadykin I. B., Shumskij V. M., Ovsepyan F. A. Adaptivnoe
upravlenie nepreryvnymi texnologicheskimi processami [Tekst]. Moscow, E’nergoatomizdat, 1985, 240 p.
3. Krivosheev V. P., Nikiforova K. E., Anufriev A. V., Kan B. A.
Issledovanie optimal’nyx staticheskix rezhimov slozhnoj
rektifikacionnoj kolonny dlya polucheniya e’tilena [Tekst],
Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya, 2013, № 6. URL: https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=11210.
4. Rapoport E’. Ya. Analiz i sintez sistem avtomaticheskogo
upravleniya s raspredelennymi parametrami [Tekst]: ucheb.
posobie. Moscow, Vyssh. shk., 2005, 292 p.
5. Belobrova E. V., Sheikus A. R., Korsun V. I. Avtomaticheskoe upravlenie teplomassoobmennymi processami s podvizhnymi raspredelennymi reguliruyushhimi vozdejstviyami [Tekst], Vostochno-Evropejskij zhurnal peredovyx texnologij, 2014, No. 5/2 (71), pp. 51–55. DOI: 10.15587/1729–4061.2014.28037.
6. Levchuk I. L., Sheikus A. R., Trishkin V. Ya. Sposob upravleniya processom rektifikacii s pomoshh’yu raspredelennyx upravlyayushhix vozdejstvij [Tekst], Vestnik NTU “XPI”. Seriya: Novye resheniya v sovremennyx texnologiyax. Xar’kov, NTU “XPI”, 2015, No. 14 (1123), pp. 100–105.
7. Komissarov Yu. A., Dam Quang Sang Multicomponent distillation calculations using computer simulation principles, Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering, 2014, Vol. 48, Issue 3, pp. 280–287. DOI: 10.1134/S0040579514030087
8. Sheikus A., Belobrova Elena, Dovgopoliy Yaroslav, Levchuk Igor, Korsun Valeriy Developing a technique for improving the
efficiency of iterative methods for the calculation of the
multicomponent rectification process, Eastern-European Journal
of Enterprise Technologies, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 2 (84), pp. 38–44. DOI: 10.15587/1729-4061.2016.85372.
9. Petlyuk F. B., Serafimov L. A. Mnogokomponentnaya rektifikaciya. Teoriya i raschet [Tekst]. Moscow, Ximiya, 1983, 304 p.
10. Kuznecov V. G. Algoritmizaciya i optimizaciya texnologicheskogo processa rektifikacii nefti [Tekst]: dis. … kand. texn. nauk: 05.13.06. Samara, 2005, 216 p.
11.Xaxin L. A. Razrabotka e’ntropijnoj ocenki raboty
rektifikacionnyx kolonn i funkcional’nyx kompleksov [Tekst]:
dis. … kand. texn. nauk: 05.17.04. Moscow, 2009, 219 p.
12. Ostrovskij G. M., Ziyatdinov N. N., Lapteva T. V., Ryzhov D. A. Vybor optimal’nyx tarelok pitaniya v zamknutoj sisteme
rektifikacionnyx kolonn, TOXT, 2008, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 401–
412.
13. Leont’ev V. S. Optimizaciya odnokolonnyx rektifikacionnyx
apparatov dlya ximicheskix texnologij i processov
neftepererabotki [Tekst], E’lektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal
“Neftegazovoe delo”, 2012, No. 2, pp. 255–264. URL: http://
ogbus.ru/authors/Leontiev/Leontiev_4.pdf.
14. Anisimov I. V., Bodrov V. I., Pokrovskij V. B. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie i optimizaciya rektifikacionnyx ustanovok [Tekst]. Moscow, Ximiya, 1975, 216 p.
15.Torgashov A. Yu. Upravlenie optimal’nymi staticheskimi
rezhimami rektifikacionnyx kolonn na osnove nelinejnyx
modelej processa [Tekst]: dis. … kand. texn. nauk: 05.13.07.
Vladivostok, 2000, 140 p.
16. Boyarinov A. I., Kafarov V. V. Metody optimizacii v ximicheskoj texnologii [Tekst]. Moscow, Ximiya, 1969,564 p.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15588/1607-3274-2018-1-22



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