ANALYSIS OF INDICATORS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY OF COMMUNICATION NETWORKS 5 G
Keywords:5G communication networks, electromagnetic compatibility.
Context. The next generation 5G / IMT-2020 technology, like any new technology, brings its own specific features to all aspects of the practice of its application. One of these particularly important aspects is electromagnetic compatibility. At the stage of preparation for the introduction of 5G radio networks, it is necessary to take early measures to effectively assess the EMC conditions for these networks based on a thorough analysis of the features of 5G technology, and by correctly and accurately assessing these conditions, successfully ensure the electromagnetic compatibility of radio equipment of new networks.
Objective. The purpose of this work is to analyze the electromagnetic compatibility of the 5G communication network.
Method. An analysis of the main features of the 5G radio interface provides an indication of the expected features of the EMC assessment procedures for these networks. These features mainly relate to taking into account the total interference from the network with its special architecture and dynamics of changes, the choice of new loss models (channel models) for spatially distributed radiation of multidimensional MIMO antennas and a heterogeneous signal propagation medium, as well as taking into account the spectral properties of new signal shapes and character radiation with new non-orthogonal radio access methods.
For EMC analysis, a model of signal attenuation in millimeter-wave radio channels was used, taking into account attenuation of radio waves in free space; loss of energy of radio waves when propagating through rains; attenuation of a millimeter wave signal when propagating through the leaves of trees; attenuation of signals when passing through dense obstacles (buildings, structures, etc.).
Results. The analysis of attenuation of the millimeter-wave signal in free space from the intensity of precipitation is carried out at various values of optical visibility. The analysis of the attenuation of the millimeter-wave signal from the distance when the signal propagates through obstacles in the form of walls at various values of the wall thickness is carried out. The analysis of the attenuation of the millimeter-wave signal from the depth of the leaf layer is carried out; it covers the signal propagation at different values of the carrier frequency. The analysis of the value of the power of the millimeter-wave signal at the input of the receiver on the intensity of precipitation is carried out at various values of optical visibility. The analysis of the value of the power of the millimeter-wave signal at the input of the receiver versus the distance when the signal propagates through obstacles in the form of walls at various values of the wall thickness is carried out. The analysis of the power value of the millimeter-wave signal at the receiver input from the depth of the leaf layer is carried out, overlaps the signal propagation at various values of the carrier frequency.
Conclusions. The conducted studies of EMC indicators allow us to give recommendations on the application of 5G technology in specific practical situations.
3GPP TR 22.891, “Feasibility Study on New Services and Markets Technology Enablers”, Ver. 14.2.0, Sep. 2016.
3GPP TR 38.913, “Study on Scenarios and Requirements for Next Generation Access Technologies”, Ver. 14.3.0, June. 2017.
3GPP TS 28.554. Management and orchestration; 5G end to end Key Performance Indicators (KPI). Ver. 2.0.0, release 15, Sep 2018.
5G PPP Architecture Working Group white paper, “View on 5G Architecture”, July 2016.
Abuarqoub A., Hammoudeh M. H. Behaviour Profiling in Healthcare Applications Using the Internet of Things Technology, Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Advances in Information Processing and Communication Technology, 2016, pp. 1–4. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15224/978-1-63248-099-6-25
Agiwal M., Roy A., Saxena N. Next generation 5G wireless networks: A comprehensive survey, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, № 18(3), 2016, pp. 1617–1655. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2016.2532458
Aijaz A., Dohler M., Aghvami A. H., Friderikos V., Frodigh M. Realizing the Tactile Internet: Haptic Communications over Next Generation 5G Cellular Networks, IEEE Wireless Comm, 2017, 24(2), рр. 82–89. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1109/MWC.2016.1500157RP
Aijaz A., Simsek M., Dohler M. and Fettweis G. Shaping 5G for the Tactile Internet, 5G Mobile Communications, Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 677–691. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-34208-5_25
Aijaz A. Towards 5G-enabled tactile internet: Radio resource allocation for haptic communications, In Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC). Doha, Qatar, 3–6 April 2016, рр. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/WCNC.2016.7564661
Raza U., Kulkami P., Sooriyabandara M. Low Power Wide Area Networks: An Overview, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 2017, Vol. 19, рр. 855–873. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2017.2652320
Radio Regulations. – Ed. ITU, in 4 volumes, 2016
Resolution COM 6/20 (WRC-15) Studies on frequencyrelated matters for International Mobile Telecommunications identification including possible additional allocations to the mobile services on a primary basis in portion(s) of the frequency range between 24.25 and 86 GHz for the future development of International Mobile Telecommunications for 2020 and beyond.
Mokrov E., Ponomarenko-Timofeev A., Gudkova I. et al. Modeling Transmit Power Reduction for a Typical Cell with Licensed Shared Access Capabilities, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2018.2799141
Markova E., Gudkova I., Ometov A. et al. Flexible Spectrum Management in a Smart City within Licensed Shared Access Framework, IEEE Access, 2017, Vol. 5, pp. 22252–22261. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2758840
Talwar S., Choudhury D., Dimou K. et al. Enabling technologies and architectures for 5G wireless, Proceedings of IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) IEEE. Tampa, FL, USA, 2014, рp. 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1109/MWSYM.2014.6848639
Kurakova T., Valdburger M. How ITU can help develop future networks, ITU News, 2013, No. 1, pр. 38–41. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1525/aft.2013.41.3.38
Galinina O., Andreev S., Komarov M., et al.Leveraging heterogeneous device connectivity in a converged 5G-IoT ecosystem, Computer Networks, 2017, Vol. 128, рp. 123–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2017.04.051
Kremenets’ka YA. A., Markov S. YU., Gradoboêva N. V., Ê.M. Kharchenko Analíz obmezhuyuchikh ta kompensuyuchikh faktorív pri rozrakhunku yenergetichnoí yefektivností radíosistem v mílímetrovomu díapazoní, Telekomuníkatsíyní ta ínformatsíyní tekhnologíí, 2019, No. 1, рр. 12–21. Rezhim dostupu:http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/vduikt_2019_1_4. DOI:10.31673/2412-4338.2019.011221
Anderson C. R., Rappaport T. S. In-building wideband partition loss measurements at 2.5 and 60 GHz, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, May 2004, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 922–928. DOI: 10.1109/TWC.2004.826328.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Ю. Ю. Коляденко, М. О. Чурсанов
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Licensing Notifications in the Copyright Notices
The journal allows the authors to hold the copyright without restrictions and to retain publishing rights without restrictions.
The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles.
The journal allows to reuse and remixing of its content, in accordance with a Creative Commons license СС BY -SA.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY-SA that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.