COMPARISON OF TWO FORMS OF ERLANGIAN DISTRIBUTION LAW IN QUEUING THEORY
Keywords:Ordinary and normalized Erlangian distribution laws, Lindley integral equation, spectral decomposition method, Laplace transform.
Context. For modeling various data transmission systems, queuing systems G/G/1 are in demand, this is especially important because there is no final solution for them in the general case. The problem of the derivation in closed form of the solution for the average waiting time in the queue for ordinary system with erlangian input distributions of the second order and for the same system with shifted to the right distributions is considered.
Objective. Obtaining a solution for the main system characteristic – the average waiting time for queue requirements for three types of queuing systems of type G/G/1 with usual and shifted erlangian input distributions.
Method. To solve this problem, we used the classical method of spectral decomposition of the solution of Lindley integral equation, which allows one to obtain a solution for average the waiting time for systems under consideration in a closed form. For the practical application of the results obtained, the well-known method of moments of the theory of probability was used.
Results. For the first time, spectral expansions of the solution of the Lindley integral equation for systems with ordinary and shifted Erlang distributions are obtained, with the help of which the calculation formulas for the average waiting time in the queue for the above systems in closed form are derived.
Conclusions. The difference between the usual and normalized distribution is that the normalized distribution has a mathematical expectation independent of the order of the distribution k, therefore, the normalized and normal Erlang distributions differ in numerical characteristics. The introduction of the time shift parameter in the laws of input flow distribution and service time for the systems under consideration turns them into systems with a delay with a shorter waiting time. This is because the time shift operation reduces the coefficient of variation in the intervals between the receipts of the requirements and their service time, and as is known from queuing theory, the average wait time of requirements is related to these coefficients of variation by a quadratic dependence. The system with usual erlangian input distributions of the second order is applicable only at a certain point value of the coefficients of variation of the intervals between the receipts of the requirements and their service time. The same system with shifted distributions allows us to operate with interval values of coefficients of variations, which expands the scope of these systems. This approach allows us to calculate the average delay for these systems in mathematical packages for a wide range of traffic parameters.
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